Primary Stroke Center

The mission of Providence St. Patrick Hospital Stroke Center is to provide our region with the best in stroke care. This includes increasing public awareness and providing appropriate treatment quickly to enhance the quality of life for our patients.

A patient who is suspected of having a stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack or "mini stroke") is immediately seen by a team of nurses, physicians and technicians. The hospital has a specially trained team of physicians, nurses, therapists and technicians available around the clock to provide rapid diagnosis and treatment using state of the art imaging equipment.

When a patient with stroke symptoms comes to Providence St. Patrick Hospital:

  • A trained Stroke Team is available around the clock, seven days a week, to evaluate a stroke patient within 10 minutes of arrival.
  • Each patient is evaluated and treated using a set of guidelines that address both emergency treatment and ongoing care.
  • A head CT scan can be performed and interpreted within 45 minutes of the stroke patient being admitted.
  • A fully-functioning medical laboratory is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week to analyze and provide test results in a timely manner.

Providence St. Patrick Hospital provides:

  • The latest advances in stroke care, ranging from 'clot-busting' drugs to improved techniques for vascular surgery
  • A dedicated stroke nurse who coordinates the care of stroke patients.
  • State-of-the-art facilities and the latest technology.
  • Outstanding specialists in cardiology and radiology and experts in rehabilitation, nursing and emergency medicine.
  • An inpatient stroke unit with specially trained staff to reduce complications of stroke, educate patients and families, provide the latest in stroke management, and work with patients and families to lower the risk of a repeat stroke by providing secondary stroke prevention education and treatment.

Stroke Program

Also known as: Stroke Center

When a stroke happens, every minute counts. Our team utilizes their expertise, technology and collective collaboration to deliver fast and thorough treatment for stroke patients.

Stroke warning signs:

  • Severe headache
  • Confusion, disorientation or memory loss
  • Numbness, weakness or clumsiness of an arm, leg or side of the face
  • Abnormal or slurred speech
  • Loss of vision
  • Poor balance or lack of coordination

Act F-A-S-T when a stroke strikes

  • Face - Does the person have a facial droop? Ask them to smile.
  • Arms - Is on arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms.
  • Speech - Is the speech slurred? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence.
  • Time - Time for help. Call 9-1-1!

Collaboration begins when you call 911 when you experience stroke symptoms. Fast response provides timely treatment that gives the best chance for recovery and quality of life after a stroke.

Stroke treatment

Stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to a part of the brain that lasts for more than 24 hours. Incidents that resolve more rapidly are referred to as Transient Ischemic Attacks or TIAs. A history of TIA may increase your risk factor for stroke by 10 times. Individuals suffering a TIA have a 25 percent likelihood of a heart attack or stroke within 90 days. Stroke or TIA is a medical emergency!

There are two types of stroke:

  • Ischemic stroke is caused by clotting within a vessel supplying blood to the brain; and
  • Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when there is bleeding in the brain caused either by excessively high blood pressure at a weakened point in a blood vessel or through a burst aneurysm (bubble in a blood vessel) within the brain.
    Approximately 81 percent of all strokes are ischemic while the remainder are hemorrhagic.

Thrombolytic Therapy (tPA)

Because body tissues must receive a regular supply of oxygen, which is delivered through blood, time is critical, hence the saying: "Time is Brain."

A clot-busting agent known as tissue Plasminogen Activator—or tPA— is used for strokes caused by a blocked artery in the brain. The drug is administered intravenously during the first three hours after the stroke. By dissolving the blood clot, tPA restores blood flow to the brain and significantly improves the chances of recovery.

For stroke patients who are unable to take tPA, early treatment often involves intravenous heparin to reduce the risk of a stroke becoming worse or a second stroke from occurring. Once testing is completed and the type of stroke is determined, more specific therapy is started

Surgery

For patients diagnosed with a hemorrhagic stroke, surgery may be needed to repair the damaged blood vessel and to place a temporary drainage catheter within the brain to reduce intracranial pressure. If an aneurysm is found, it is clipped to prevent further trauma.

When blood flow throughout the carotid artery is reduced 60 percent or more, surgery (endarterectomy) is recommended to remove the plaque and restore blood flow to the vertebral arteries. Arteries within the brain may be treated surgically or with angioplasty and stenting. These procedures enlarge blocked blood arteries and blood flow.

Stroke rehabilitation

Patients suffer disability, but the degree of disability depends on the size and location of the stroke. Research has shown that a majority of stroke patients demonstrate improved long-term outcomes if inpatient rehabilitation begins within hours after the onset of stroke symptoms.

During the hospital stay, stroke patients are seen by therapists who work on speech, swallowing, strength training, balance and walking, and fine motor skills. Rehabilitation continues this much more intensively. Patients will spend several hours a day working on improving their function, with the goal to be as independent as possible after going home.

Rehab helps people start working on the basic tasks we all do every day. This includes bathing, eating and cooking for some, or even more basic tasks such as speaking, swallowing and moving arms and legs for others.

A major goal of rehabilitation is to help people be as independent as possible and then go home, but for some that is not always realistic. Rehabilitation will then focus on improving patient function as much as possible to make life more enjoyable in whatever living arrangements are then needed. Most of the improvement after strokes occurs within three to six months of rehabilitation, and most patients make continued but slower improvement over a longer period.

Stroke is preventable

The good news is that stroke can be prevented and most risk factors are controllable. The risk factors are similar to heart disease. If a person has heart disease, it’s likely he or she will have artery disease in the brain, too. Talk to your doctor or primary health care provider, and check blood pressure, cholesterol levels and fasting blood sugars regularly. Exercise 30 minutes a day most days of the week, and only drink alcohol at a light to moderate level.